To continue our recent saga covering the Great Lakes, I wanted to bring attention to a controversy taking place regarding storing nuclear waste off the shores of Lake Huron. There is currently a proposal to create a nuclear waste repository just north of Kincardine, Ontario, the home of a nuclear plant operated by Ontario Power Generation. This site lies right on the banks of Lake Huron. Despite previous claims from the Canadian Nuclear Waste Management Organization that the proposed facility was safe, it is now believe that the organization’s original radioactivity predictions were, “underestimated by more than a factor of 100” (Detroit Free Press). Furthermore, the director of the organization’s safety and licensing division has agreed to this claim.
As the Detroit Free Press articles states: “The new findings heighten the concerns many have over the nuclear waste facility’s proximity to the Great Lakes, from which 24 million U.S. residents get drinking water and that makes possible Michigan’s $2-billion fishing, $4-billion boating and $18-billion tourism industries”.
Nuclear energy production has been a controversial practice that has split those concerned about the environment. Some applaud the low emissions and potential to curb our reliance on dirty fossil fuels. Others have warned about the dangers of the resulting waste and social and environmental issues related to uranium mining. While nuclear power presents some potential to usher in an age of cleaner energy, it has been plagued by disasters, none more shocking than that of Fukushima in Japan.
The reason I am particularly concerned about this proposed site in Kincardine is because it makes me think of the current situation, which has not received much media coverage, in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Carlsbad has been the home of a nuclear waste repository for some 15 years now. While the facility has brought some economic stability to the community, it has now been closed since February 14th of this year. The closure was due to low levels of radiation detected on some 17 employees. While these levels of radiation are not said to be harmful, experts have still not been able to detect the source of the leak and the plant is closed indefinitely. To read more about Carlsbad, which I recommend you do, check out this New York Times article. It has also been brought to my attention that the Carlsbad facility is the only site that was capable of accepting the most hazardous radioactive waste. The proposed Yucca Mountain repository in Nevada was designed for this purpose but was never opened due to various political and local initiatives, as well as its significance in the local native American culture. Interestingly, the US Department of Energy has collected $37 billion dollars off utility fees for the purpose of developing a waste repository. It has now been announced that his fee will no longer being collected, implying that there are no immediate plans for such a facility and brining into question what the current sum of money will be used for.
Although the debate regarding the future of nuclear power rages on, we still have to deal with the challenges of how to manage the already significant stockpiles of waste, much of which is in crude temporary disposal sites. In addition, there appears to be a lack of specialized locations for the waste of utmost radioactivity.
In the meantime, stay a hermit, and read Urban Hermits!
Image: Lauren Korany, Urban Hermits